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. 2018 Apr;80:269-276.
doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2018.02.012. Epub 2018 Feb 11.

Short Term Post-Operative Morphing of Sacrocolpopexy Mesh Measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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Short Term Post-Operative Morphing of Sacrocolpopexy Mesh Measured by Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Nikhil Sindhwani et al. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater. .

Abstract

Background: Sacrocolpopexy (SC) involves suspension of the vaginal vault or cervix to the sacrum using a mesh. Following insertion, the meshes have been observed to have undergone dimensional changes.

Objective: To quantify dimensional changes of meshes following implantation and characterize their morphology in-vivo.

Design setting and participants: 24 patients underwent SC using PolyVinyliDeneFluoride mesh loaded with Fe3O4 particles. Tailored anterior and posterior mesh flaps were sutured to the respective vaginal walls, uniting at the apex. The posterior flap continued to the sacrum and was attached there. Meshes were visualized on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging at 12 [3-12] (median [range]) months postoperatively and 3D models of the mesh were generated. Dynamic MR sequences were acquired during valsalva to record mesh mobility.

Outcome measures: The area of the vagina effectively supported by the mesh (Effective Support Area (ESA)) was calculated. The 3D models' wall thickness map was analyzed to identify the locations of mesh folding. Intraclass correlation (ICC) was calculated to test the reliability of the methods. To measure the laxity and flatness of the mesh, the curvature and the ellipticity of the sacral flap were calculated.

Results: The ESA calculation methodology had ICC = 0.97. A reduction of 75.49 [61.55-78.67] % (median [IQR]) in area, 47.64 [38.07-59.81] % in anterior flap, and of 23.95 [10.96-27.21] % in the posterior flap was measured. The mesh appeared thicker near its attachment at the sacral promontory (n = 19) and near the vaginal apex (n = 22). The laxity of the mesh was 1.13 [1.10-1.16] and 60.55 [49.76-76.25] % of the sacral flap was flat. We could not reliably measure mesh mobility (ICC = 0.16).

Conclusion: A methodology for complete 3D characterization of SC meshes using MR images was presented. After implantation, the supported area is much lower than what is prepared prior to implantation. We propose this happened during the surgery itself.

Keywords: 3D analysis; MR visible mesh; Mesh; Mesh folding; Mesh shrinkage; Pelvic organ prolapse; Sacrocolpopexy.

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