Evaluation of Sensititre Broth Microdilution Plate for determining the susceptibility of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae to polymyxins

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2018 May;91(1):89-92. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2018.01.005. Epub 2018 Jan 9.

Abstract

Colistin and polymyxin B MICs were determined for 106 carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-Kp) isolates using Sensititre Research Use Only GNX2F plates (Thermo Fisher) and compared to CLSI broth macrodilution (BMD) as the reference method. For colistin, EUCAST breakpoints were applied and testing of isolates with very major (VM) errors was repeated in duplicate by both methods to determine a majority result. Essential agreement (MIC ± one dilution) of GNX2F with the reference method was 97.1% for polymyxin B and 92.5% for colistin (7 VM errors, 22.6%). After discrepancy testing, there were 28 colistin resistant isolates by BMD and essential agreement was 94.3% with 4 VM errors (14.3%). Colistin and polymyxin B GNX2F results showed acceptable essential agreement with BMD for MICS without interpretation. Colistin VM errors with EUCAST breakpoints were due to MIC variability in the 2 to 4 μg/mL range that could be addressed by establishing an intermediate category.

Keywords: Colistin; carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae; polymyxin.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae / drug effects
  • Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae / isolation & purification
  • Carbapenems / pharmacology*
  • Colistin / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Klebsiella Infections / microbiology*
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae / drug effects*
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae / isolation & purification
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Polymyxin B / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Carbapenems
  • Polymyxin B
  • Colistin