Optimization of a protective medium for enhancing the viability of freeze-dried Bacillus amyloliquefaciens B1408 based on response surface methodology

Cryobiology. 2018 Apr;81:101-106. doi: 10.1016/j.cryobiol.2018.02.003. Epub 2018 Feb 16.


Response surface methodology (RSM) is a commonly used system to optimize cryoprotectants of biocontrol strains when they are subjected to preparations. Various kinds of cryoprotectants and centrifugal conditions were tested to improve the survival of biocontrol agents after freeze-drying. To determine the optimum levels of incorporation of three cryoprotectants (glucose, trehalose and xylitol) in the freeze-drying process of strain Bacillus amyloliquefaciens B1408, a range of experiments based on Box-Behnken Design (BBD) were conducted. The results indicated that the suitable centrifugation conditions were 5000 r/min,10 min and the optimum concentrations of cryoprotectants were glucose 1.00%, trehalose 4.74% and xylitol 1.45%. The proven survival rate of cells after freeze-drying was 91.24%. These results convincingly demonstrated that freeze-drying could be used to preparation of biocontrol strain B1408. This study provides a theoretical basis for commercial possibilities and formulation development.

Keywords: Bacillus amyloliquefaciens B1408; Biocontrol; Cryoprotectant; Freeze-drying; Response surface methodology.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacillus amyloliquefaciens*
  • Cryoprotective Agents / pharmacology*
  • Freeze Drying / methods*
  • Glucose / pharmacology
  • Trehalose / pharmacology


  • Cryoprotective Agents
  • Trehalose
  • Glucose