Improving mandibular contour: A pilot study for indication of PPLA traction thread use

J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2018 Nov-Dec;20(7-8):465-469. doi: 10.1080/14764172.2018.1427875. Epub 2018 Feb 20.


Background: The request for less-aggressive procedures to improve mandibular contour is increasing. Several kinds of threads have been used for this purpose. Nevertheless, PLLA (poly-L-Lactic acid) traction thread procedure has not been previously described. Aim: To investigate the role of PLLA traction threads in improving mandibular contour. Methods: Twenty women were enrolled in the study. They were differentially classified for skin laxity. Patients were treated in a single session with two PLLA traction threads per side. Specific post-procedure instructions were given to patients, and complications occurred after the procedures were estimated. A Fisher's t-test was performed to identify criteria related to longevity of results. Results: We found longevity of results to be associated with younger age (p = 0.001), absence of severe skin laxity of jawline and neck (p = 0.001), and aesthetic satisfaction (p = 0.024). Edema, swelling, and temporary skin contour irregularities were found in most cases (N = 16; 80%), whereas paresthesia resolving without sequelae in 2-4 weeks was found in two cases (10%). Conclusions: Our results show that selected patients, younger than 51 and showing a mild-moderate degree of skin laxity of jawline and neck angle represent ideal candidates for PLLA traction thread treatment. Further studies will be performed to confirm our results.

Keywords: PLLA thread; aptos; contour; longevity of results; mandibular contour; threads.