Factors Affecting Discharge to Home of Geriatric Intermediate Care Facility Residents in Japan

J Am Geriatr Soc. 2018 Apr;66(4):728-734. doi: 10.1111/jgs.15295. Epub 2018 Feb 20.


Objectives: To investigate factors associated with lower likelihood of discharge to home from geriatric intermediate care facilities in Japan.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: We used data from the nationwide long-term care (LTC) insurance claims database (April 2012-March 2014).

Participants: Study participants were 342,758 individuals newly admitted to 3,459 geriatric intermediate care facilities during the study period.

Measurements: The primary outcome was discharge to home. We performed a multivariable competing-risk Cox regression with adjustment for resident-, facility-, and region-level characteristics. Resident level of care needs and several medical conditions were included as time-varying covariates. Death, admission to a hospital, and admission to another LTC facility were treated as competing risks.

Results: During the 2-year follow-up period, 19% of participants were discharged to home. In the multivariable competing-risk Cox regression, the following factors were significantly associated with lower likelihood of discharge to home: older age, higher level of care need, having several medical conditions, private ownership of the facility, more beds in the facility, and more LTC facility beds per 1,000 adults aged 65 and older in the region.

Conclusion: Only 19% of residents were discharged to home. Our results are useful for policy-makers to promote discharge to home of older adults in geriatric intermediate care facilities.

Keywords: geriatric intermediate care; long-term care; rehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Female
  • Home Care Services / statistics & numerical data*
  • Hospitalization / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Intermediate Care Facilities / statistics & numerical data*
  • Japan
  • Long-Term Care
  • Male
  • Nursing Homes
  • Patient Discharge / statistics & numerical data*
  • Retrospective Studies