Introduction: This study seeks to characterize lesion distribution in Parsonage-Turner Syndrome (PTS) using high-resolution MRI.
Methods: MRIs of 27 patients with clinically confirmed PTS were reviewed. Two radiologists independently evaluated the brachial plexus proper, side and terminal plexus branches, and more distal, upper extremity nerves.
Results: All patients had at least 1 clinically involved nerve. MRI revealed that the plexus appeared normal in 24 of 27 patients; in 3 other patients, signal hyperintensity was seen immediately proximal to the take-off of abnormal side or terminal branch nerves. Focal intrinsic constrictions were detected in 32 of 38 nerves. MRI interobserver agreement was high (Cohen's κ = 0.839).
Discussion: MRI findings, corroborated by electrodiagnostic testing, localized abnormalities to plexus branches and peripheral nerves, suggesting that PTS is characterized by 1 or more mononeuropathies rather than changes involving a portion of or the complete plexus proper. These results may improve diagnosis, prognostication, and management. Muscle Nerve 58: 359-366, 2018.
Keywords: Parsonage-Turner syndrome; brachial neuritis; brachial plexitis; hourglass constrictions; mononeuropathy multiplex; neuralgic amyotrophy.
© 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.