A protein that specifically recognizes the 3' splice site of mammalian pre-mRNA introns is associated with a small nuclear ribonucleoprotein

Cell. 1986 Dec 5;47(5):755-66. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(86)90518-0.

Abstract

Using a protein blotting method for the detection of nucleic acid binding proteins, we have identified in HeLa cell nuclear extracts an intron binding protein (IBP) that selectively recognizes the 3' splice site region of mammalian pre-mRNAs. The binding site was accurately delineated using oligonucleotides complementary to human beta-globin pre-mRNA. It spans the 3' splice site AG dinucleotide and the crucial polypyrimidine stretch upstream, but includes neither the branchpoint nor the lariat structure. Although the technique used here shows that the binding specificity is an intrinsic property of IBP and does not depend on snRNA-pre-mRNA interactions, it comigrates with U5 snRNP and is immunoprecipitated by anti-Sm antibody. This strongly suggests that IBP belongs to U5 snRNP. We propose that it is involved in one of the earliest steps of the splicing reaction by mediating the interaction of U5 snRNP with the 3' splice site.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / isolation & purification
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Globins / genetics
  • HeLa Cells / analysis
  • Humans
  • Introns
  • Nucleic Acid Precursors / genetics*
  • RNA Precursors
  • RNA Splicing*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics*
  • RNA, Small Nuclear / metabolism
  • Ribonucleoproteins / isolation & purification
  • Ribonucleoproteins / metabolism*
  • Ribonucleoproteins, Small Nuclear

Substances

  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Nucleic Acid Precursors
  • RNA Precursors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Small Nuclear
  • Ribonucleoproteins
  • Ribonucleoproteins, Small Nuclear
  • Globins