Streptomyces tunisialbus sp. nov., a novel Streptomyces species with antimicrobial activity

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2018 Sep;111(9):1571-1581. doi: 10.1007/s10482-018-1046-4. Epub 2018 Feb 20.


A novel actinomycete strain designated S2T was isolated from Tunisian rhizosphere soil of Lavandula officinalis. This isolate exhibited broad spectrum antibacterial activity against several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and also antifungal activity against yeast and filamentous fungi. The isolate S2T presents morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics typical of the members of the genus Streptomyces. Whole cell hydrolysates of S2T were found to contain LL-diaminopimelic acid. The major fatty acids were identified as C16:0, anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0 whereas the predominant menaquinones were found to be MK-9(H6) and MK-9(H8). The polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and three unidentified compounds. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 71.8 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain S2T belongs to the genus Streptomyces and is closely related to Streptomyces netropsis DSM 40259T with 99.86% sequence similarity. Multi-locus sequence analysis (MLSA) based on four house-keeping gene alleles (gyrB, recA, trpB, rpoB) showed that isolate S2T is closely related to S. netropsis, with an MLSA distance greater than 0.007. The DNA-DNA relatedness between strain S2T and its near phylogenetic neighbour was 63.6 ± 2.3%, which is lower than the 70% threshold value for delineation of genomic prokaryotic species. This isolate was also distinguished from the type strain S. netropsis DSM 40259T, using a combination of morphological and physiological features. Based on its phenotypic and molecular properties, strain S2T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces tunisialbus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S2T (= JCM 32165T = DSM 105760T).

Keywords: Antimicrobial activity; DNA–DNA relatedness; Lavandula officinalis; MLSA; Polyphasic taxonomy; Rhizosphere; Streptomyces.

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Infective Agents / isolation & purification
  • Anti-Infective Agents / pharmacology*
  • Bacteria / drug effects
  • Base Composition
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Diaminopimelic Acid / chemistry
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Fungi / drug effects
  • Genes, Bacterial / genetics
  • Genome, Bacterial
  • Lavandula / microbiology*
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Phenotype
  • Phospholipids / chemistry
  • Phylogeny*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Rhizosphere*
  • Soil Microbiology
  • Streptomyces / chemistry*
  • Streptomyces / classification*
  • Streptomyces / genetics
  • Streptomyces / physiology
  • Tunisia
  • Vitamin K 2 / chemistry


  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Fatty Acids
  • Phospholipids
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Vitamin K 2
  • Diaminopimelic Acid