Inhibition of Oral Pathogens Adhesion to Human Gingival Fibroblasts by Wine Polyphenols Alone and in Combination With an Oral Probiotic

J Agric Food Chem. 2018 Mar 7;66(9):2071-2082. doi: 10.1021/acs.jafc.7b05466. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Abstract

Several benefits have been described for red wine polyphenols and probiotic strains in the promotion of colonic metabolism and health. On the contrary, knowledge about their role in the management of oral health is still scarce. In this work, the antiadhesive capacity of selected red wine polyphenols and oenological extracts against the oral pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, and Streptococcus mutans in an in vitro model of human gingival fibroblasts has been explored as well as their complementary action with the candidate oral probiotic Streptococcus dentisani. Results highlighted the antiadhesive capacity of caffeic and p-coumaric acids as well as grape seed and red wine oenological extracts. Both, caffeic and p-coumaric acids increased their inhibition potential against S. mutans adhesion when combined with S. dentisani. Additionally, UHPLC-MS/MS analysis demonstrated the oral metabolism of wine phenolics due to both, cellular and bacterial activity.

Keywords: cell adhesion; metabolism; oral bacteria; oral health; probiotics; wine polyphenols.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Adhesion / drug effects*
  • Cell Line
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Fibroblasts / drug effects
  • Fibroblasts / microbiology*
  • Fusobacterium nucleatum / drug effects*
  • Fusobacterium nucleatum / physiology
  • Gingiva / cytology
  • Gingiva / microbiology*
  • Humans
  • Polyphenols / chemistry
  • Polyphenols / pharmacology*
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis / drug effects*
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis / physiology
  • Probiotics / chemistry
  • Probiotics / pharmacology*
  • Streptococcus mutans / drug effects*
  • Streptococcus mutans / physiology
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry
  • Wine / analysis

Substances

  • Polyphenols