IDH2 is a novel diagnostic and prognostic serum biomarker for non-small-cell lung cancer

Mol Oncol. 2018 May;12(5):602-610. doi: 10.1002/1878-0261.12182. Epub 2018 Mar 25.


Lung cancer is the most common leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Late diagnosis contributes to a high mortality rate and poor survival of this cancer. In our previous study, we found that IDH2 polymorphism rs11540478 is a risk factor for lung cancer. Here, we examined IDH2 protein expression in culture medium in which two non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines, H460 and A549, were growing. We found that the IDH2 protein was elevated in the culture supernatant fraction in a time- and cell number-dependent manner. Next, we used ELISA methods to examine IDH2 protein level in serum from patients with NSCLC and healthy controls. We found that IDH2 protein levels in serum could distinguish NSCLC patients from healthy controls with an AUC (area under the curve) of 0.83 (95% confidence interval = 0.79-0.88). The IDH2 level was decreased in serum from NSCLC postsurgical patients compared with the paired presurgical serum. High serum IDH2 levels appear to correlate with poor survival in patients with NSCLC. These results suggest that IDH2 levels in the serum could be a new effective biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of NSCLC.

Keywords: IDH2; non-small-cell lung cancer; serum biomarker.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / blood*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / blood*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / diagnosis*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / surgery
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Isocitrate Dehydrogenase / blood*
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Lung Neoplasms / blood*
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Lung Neoplasms / surgery
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • ROC Curve


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • IDH2 protein, human
  • Isocitrate Dehydrogenase