Explanation and elaboration of the Standards for UNiversal reporting of patient Decision Aid Evaluations (SUNDAE) guidelines: examples of reporting SUNDAE items from patient decision aid evaluation literature

BMJ Qual Saf. 2018 May;27(5):389-412. doi: 10.1136/bmjqs-2017-006985. Epub 2018 Feb 21.


This Explanation and Elaboration (E&E) article expands on the 26 items in the Standards for UNiversal reporting of Decision Aid Evaluations guidelines. The E&E provides a rationale for each item and includes examples for how each item has been reported in published papers evaluating patient decision aids. The E&E focuses on items key to reporting studies evaluating patient decision aids and is intended to be illustrative rather than restrictive. Authors and reviewers may wish to use the E&E broadly to inform structuring of patient decision aid evaluation reports, or use it as a reference to obtain details about how to report individual checklist items.

Keywords: checklists; patient education; patient-centred care; shared decision making.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Checklist / standards*
  • Decision Support Techniques*
  • Delphi Technique
  • Humans
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care / standards*
  • Patient Participation / methods*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic / standards
  • Quality of Health Care