Sleep duration and consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages and energy drinks among adolescents

Nutrition. 2018 Apr;48:77-81. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2017.11.013. Epub 2017 Dec 11.

Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationship between sleep duration and consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) and energy drinks (EDs) among adolescents.

Methods: Data on 9,473 adolescents aged 11-20 years were obtained from the 2015 cycle of the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a province-wide and cross-sectional school based survey of students in middle and high school. Respondents self-reported their sleep duration and consumption of SSBs and EDs. Those who did not meet the age-appropriate sleep duration recommendation were considered short sleepers.

Results: Overall, 81.4% and 12.0% of respondents reported that they had at least one SSBs and EDs in the past week, respectively. Males were more likely than females to consume SSBs and EDs. High school students were more likely than those in middle school to report drinking EDs. After adjusting for multiple covariates, results from logistic regression analyses indicated that short sleep duration was associated with greater odds of SSB consumption in middle school students (odd ratio (OR) = 1.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.18-2.11), but not those in high school (OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 0.86-1.31). Short sleep duration was associated with greater odds of ED consumption in both middle (OR = 1.60, 95% CI = 1.10-2.34) and high school (OR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.38-2.30) students.

Conclusion: Short sleep duration was associated with consumption of EDs in middle and high school students and with SSBs in middle school students only. Future studies are needed to establish causality and to determine whether improving sleep patterns can reduce the consumption of SSBs and EDs among adolescents.

Keywords: Energy drinks; Public health; Sleep; Soft drinks; Sugary drinks; Teenagers; Youth.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Beverages / analysis
  • Beverages / statistics & numerical data*
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dietary Sugars / analysis
  • Energy Drinks / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Odds Ratio
  • Ontario
  • Schools
  • Sleep*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data*
  • Sweetening Agents / analysis
  • Time Factors*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Dietary Sugars
  • Sweetening Agents