Cryoglobulins and immune complexes in essential mixed cryoglobulinemia

Ric Clin Lab. Apr-Jun 1986;16(2):281-8. doi: 10.1007/BF02909351.

Abstract

The authors review the role, clinico-serological correlations and the putative pathogenetic relevance of a number of immunological parameters in essential mixed cryoglobulinemia. On the whole, in spite of the fact that levels of cryoglobulins, immune complexes, complement as well as reticuloendothelial splenic function are frequently abnormal in this condition, they are generally poorly correlated with clinical features. Therefore, it is postulated that this apparent discrepancy may either be due to the contemporary presence in the same serum of many types of immune complexes with different toxicity, or to the influence of rheumatoid factor on the nature of circulating immune complexes.

MeSH terms

  • Antigen-Antibody Complex / analysis*
  • Antigen-Antibody Complex / isolation & purification
  • Circadian Rhythm
  • Cold Temperature
  • Complement Activation / drug effects
  • Complement System Proteins / analysis
  • Complement System Proteins / immunology
  • Cryoglobulinemia / immunology*
  • Cryoglobulins / analysis*
  • Cryoglobulins / immunology
  • Cryoglobulins / isolation & purification
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immune Complex Diseases / etiology
  • Monocytes / immunology
  • Mononuclear Phagocyte System / metabolism
  • Phagocytosis
  • Solubility
  • Spleen / metabolism

Substances

  • Antigen-Antibody Complex
  • Cryoglobulins
  • Complement System Proteins