A lack of analytically robust and multiplexed assays has hampered studies of the large, branched phosphosignaling network responsive to DNA damage. To address this need, we developed and fully analytically characterized a 62-plex assay quantifying protein expression and post-translational modification (phosphorylation and ubiquitination) after induction of DNA damage. The linear range was over 3 orders of magnitude, the median inter-assay variability was 10% CV and the vast majority (∼85%) of assays were stable after extended storage. The multiplexed assay was applied in proof-of-principle studies to quantify signaling after exposure to genotoxic stress (ionizing radiation and 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide) in immortalized cell lines and primary human cells. The effects of genomic variants and pharmacologic kinase inhibition (ATM/ATR) were profiled using the assay. This study demonstrates the utility of a quantitative multiplexed assay for studying cellular signaling dynamics, and the potential application to studies on inter-individual variation in the radiation response.