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. 2018 Mar 1;23(2):e230-e236.
doi: 10.4317/medoral.21651.

Survival Rates and Bone Loss After Immediate Loading of Implants in Fresh Extraction Sockets (Single Gaps). A Clinical Prospective Study With 4 Year Follow-Up

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Free PMC article

Survival Rates and Bone Loss After Immediate Loading of Implants in Fresh Extraction Sockets (Single Gaps). A Clinical Prospective Study With 4 Year Follow-Up

E Velasco-Ortega et al. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: The aim of this prospective study was to report the outcome of treatment with implants inserted after tooth extraction and immediately loaded.

Material and methods: Fifty-six patients with single tooth loss were treated with 116 IPX Galimplant® implants with internal connections and a sandblasted, acid-etched surface. All implants were placed after tooth extraction using a flapless approach without bone regeneration, and they were then immediately loaded with cemented acrylic prostheses. After a period of three months, definitive cemented ceramic prostheses were placed. Patients were examined throughout a total of 4 years of follow-up. Marginal bone loss and survival rates were evaluated using digital periapical radiographs, taking into account clinical variables such as age, gender, smoking, history of periodontitis, etiology of extraction, placement site, diameter, and implant length. The Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric tests were used to compare differences between subgroups created based on the different clinical variables identified.

Results: Clinical results indicate an implant survival and success rate of 97.4%. Three implants were lost. Of the 116 immediate acrylic single crowns initially placed, 113 were replaced with definitive ceramic crowns after 3 months. A total of 77.8% of implants were inserted in the maxilla, while 22.2% were inserted in the mandible. No further complications were reported after the follow-up period (4 years). The mean marginal bone loss was 0.67 mm ± 0.40 mm. No differences were found among the subgroups of study patients.

Conclusions: This study indicates that dental implants that are inserted after tooth extraction and immediately loaded may constitute a successful and predictable alternative implant treatment.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of interest statement: The authors have declared that no conflict of interest exist.

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