First description of a novel mitochondrial mutation in the MT-TI gene associated with multiple mitochondrial DNA deletion and depletion in family with severe dilated mitochondrial cardiomyopathy

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2018 Mar 18;497(4):1049-1054. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.02.173. Epub 2018 Feb 23.


Mitochondria are essential for early cardiac development and impaired mitochondrial function was described associated with heart diseases such as hypertrophic or dilated mitochondrial cardiomyopathy. In this study, we report a family including two individuals with severe dilated mitochondrial cardiomyopathy. The whole mitochondrial genome screening showed the presence of several variations and a novel homoplasmic mutation m.4318-4322delC in the MT-TI gene shared by the two patients and their mother and leading to a disruption of the tRNAIle secondary structure. In addition, a mitochondrial depletion was present in blood leucocyte of the two affected brother whereas a de novo heteroplasmic multiple deletion in the major arc of mtDNA was present in blood leucocyte and mucosa of only one of them. These deletions in the major arc of the mtDNA resulted to the loss of several protein-encoding genes and also some tRNA genes. The mtDNA deletion and depletion could result to an impairment of the oxidative phosphorylation and energy metabolism in the respiratory chain in the studied patients. Our report is the first description of a family with severe lethal dilated mitochondrial cardiomyopathy and presenting several mtDNA abnormalities including punctual mutation, deletion and depletion.

Keywords: Dilated mitochondrial cardiomyopathy; MT-TI gene; Mitochondrial deletion; Mitochondrial depletion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / genetics*
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Family
  • Genome, Mitochondrial / genetics
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Mitochondria / genetics
  • Mitochondria, Heart / genetics*
  • Mutation*
  • Oxidative Phosphorylation
  • RNA, Transfer, Ile / chemistry
  • RNA, Transfer, Ile / genetics*
  • Sequence Deletion


  • DNA, Mitochondrial
  • RNA, Transfer, Ile