Purpose: To assess the effect of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) and Neodymium-doped:Yttrium Aluminium Garnet (Nd:YAG) laser capsulotomy on tilt and decentration of intraocular lens (IOL) at vertical and horizontal meridians.
Methods: The study included 64 eyes of 64 patients. IOL decentration and tilt were measured using a Scheimpflug camera before and 1 month after Nd:YAG capsulotomy. Corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and manifest refraction were also determined. Between-group differences of IOL position change and the effect of Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy were analyzed.
Results: In the PCO group, before capsulotomy, CDVA was significantly lower than that after capsulotomy and of the control group values (p = 0.001 for both). No significant difference was observed in CDVA between the control group and the PCO group after capsulotomy (p = 0.854). Before capsulotomy, the angle of tilt and decentration at both meridians was significantly higher than that in the control group (tilt: p < 0.001; for both decentrations: p = 0.001, p = 0.003, respectively). A significant decrease was observed in the angle of tilt at both meridians (horizontal p = 0.001, vertical p = 0.001) from before to after capsulotomy in the PCO group. Although decentration was increased after capsulotomy, no significant position change was observed (horizontal p = 0.350, vertical p = 0.107). The angle of tilt and decentration at both meridians was significantly higher in the PCO group after capsulotomy compared to the control group (p < 0.001 for all).
Conclusions: PCO is associated with not only axial displacement, but also tilt and decentration of IOL at the vertical and horizontal meridians. Laser capsulotomy decreased IOL tilt but had no effect on decentration. However, these changes did not significantly change the visual acuity between the control group and the PCO group after capsulotomy.
Keywords: Intraocular lens decentration; Nd:YAG laser capsulotomy; hydrophobic intraocular lens; intraocular lens tilt; posterior capsule opacification.