Substituted Versus Naked Thiourea Ligand Containing Pseudotetrahedral Cobalt(II) Complexes: A Comparative Study on Its Magnetization Relaxation Dynamics Phenomenon

Inorg Chem. 2018 Mar 19;57(6):3371-3386. doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.8b00160. Epub 2018 Feb 27.


A series of mononuclear tetrahedral cobalt(II) complexes with the general molecular formula [Co(L1)2X2] [where L1 = tetramethylthiourea ([(CH3)2N]2C═S) and X = Cl (1), Br (2), and I (3)] were isolated, and their structures were characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The experimental direct-current magnetic data are excellently reproduced by fitting both χM T( T) and M( H) simultaneously using the spin Hamiltonian (SH) parameters D1 = -18.1 cm-1 and g1,iso = 2.26, D2 = -16.4 cm-1 and g2,iso = 2.33, and D3 = -22 cm-1 and g3,iso = 2.4 for 1-3, respectively, and the sign of D was unambiguously confirmed from X-band electron paramagnetic resonance measurements. The effective energy barrier extracted for the magnetically diluted complexes 1-3 (10%) is larger than the barrier observed for the pure samples and implies a nonzero contribution of dipolar interaction to the magnetization relaxation dynamics. The SH parameters extracted for the three complexes drastically differ from their respective parent complexes that possess the general molecular formula [Co(L)2X2] [where L = thiourea [(NH2)2C═S] and X = Cl (1a), Br (2a), and I (3a)], which is rationalized by detailed ab initio calculations. An exhaustive theoretical study reveals that both the ground and excited states are not pure but rather multideterminental in nature (1-3). Noticeably, the substitution of L by L1 induces structural distortion in 1-3 on the level of the secondary coordination sphere compared to 1a-3a. This distortion leads to an overall reduction in | E/ D| of 1-3 compared to 1a-3a. This may be one of the reasons for the origin of the slower relaxation times of 1-3 compared to 1a-3a.