The differentiation between a primary mucinous ovarian neoplasm and an extra-ovarian metastasis in the ovary is often challenging in the histopathologic practice. Among various ovarian metastases from the gastro-intestinal tract the low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (LAMN) is an important differential diagnosis to consider particularly in case of pseudomyxoma peritonei. A newly recognized marker in the routine diagnostic of a mucinous neoplasm in the ovary is SATB2 (Special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 2). The expression of SATB2 is, within cells of epithelial lineages, mainly restricted to the lower gastro-intestinal tract, indicating colorectal or appendiceal cancer origin. We report seven cases of LAMN, which clinically became apparent due to ovarian metastases in context of pseudomyxoma peritonei or at least small foci of peritoneal tumor spread. An immunohistochemical marker-panel including SATB2, CDX2, CK20, CK7, PAX8, ER and PR revealed a strong expression of SATB2 in all seven cases. On the contrary SATB2-negativity could be demonstrated in the 40 cases of mucinous borderline tumors and primary mucinous carcinomas of the ovary. The histopathologic tentative diagnosis of an ovarian metastasis of LAMN could be confirmed in the findings of the Appendix in six of seven cases. This report supports SATB2 as an additional diagnostic marker for the diagnosis of an ovarian manifestation of LAMN.
Keywords: LAMN; Mucinous neoplasm in the ovary; Pseudomyxoma peritonei; SATB2.
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