Chemodynamic therapy (CDT) utilizes iron-initiated Fenton chemistry to destroy tumor cells by converting endogenous H2 O2 into the highly toxic hydroxyl radical (. OH). There is a paucity of Fenton-like metal-based CDT agents. Intracellular glutathione (GSH) with . OH scavenging ability greatly reduces CDT efficacy. A self-reinforcing CDT nanoagent based on MnO2 is reported that has both Fenton-like Mn2+ delivery and GSH depletion properties. In the presence of HCO3- , which is abundant in the physiological medium, Mn2+ exerts Fenton-like activity to generate . OH from H2 O2 . Upon uptake of MnO2 -coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MS@MnO2 NPs) by cancer cells, the MnO2 shell undergoes a redox reaction with GSH to form glutathione disulfide and Mn2+ , resulting in GSH depletion-enhanced CDT. This, together with the GSH-activated MRI contrast effect and dissociation of MnO2 , allows MS@MnO2 NPs to achieve MRI-monitored chemo-chemodynamic combination therapy.
Keywords: Fenton-like reaction; antitumor agents; glutathione; imaging agents; manganese dioxide.
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