Effect of prenatal mindfulness training on depressive symptom severity through 18-months postpartum: A latent profile analysis

J Clin Psychol. 2018 Jul;74(7):1117-1125. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22592. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Abstract

Objective: We examined whether prenatal mindfulness training was associated with lower depressive symptoms through 18-months postpartum compared to treatment as usual (TAU).

Method: A controlled, quasi-experimental trial compared prenatal mindfulness training (MMT) to TAU. We collected depressive symptom data at post-intervention, 6-, and 18-months postpartum. Latent profile analysis identified depressive symptom profiles, and multinomial logistic regression examined whether treatment condition predicted profile.

Results: Three depressive symptom severity profiles emerged: none/minimal, mild, and moderate. Adjusting for relevant covariates, MMT participants were less likely than TAU participants to be in the moderate profile than the none/minimal profile (OR = 0.13, 95% CI = 0.03-0.54, p = .005).

Conclusions: Prenatal mindfulness training may have benefits for depressive symptoms during the transition to parenthood.

Keywords: latent profile analysis; maternal depressive symptom severity; mindfulness; perinatal depressive symptom severity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Depression / physiopathology*
  • Depression / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Mindfulness*
  • Postpartum Period / psychology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Young Adult