The development of clinically viable delivery methods presents one of the greatest challenges in the therapeutic application of CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. Here, we report the development of a lipid nanoparticle (LNP)-mediated delivery system that, with a single administration, enabled significant editing of the mouse transthyretin (Ttr) gene in the liver, with a >97% reduction in serum protein levels that persisted for at least 12 months. These results were achieved with an LNP delivery system that was biodegradable and well tolerated. The LNP delivery system was combined with a sgRNA having a chemical modification pattern that was important for high levels of in vivo activity. The formulation was similarly effective in a rat model. Our work demonstrates that this LNP system can deliver CRISPR/Cas9 components to achieve clinically relevant levels of in vivo genome editing with a concomitant reduction of TTR serum protein, highlighting the potential of this system as an effective genome editing platform.
Keywords: CRISPR; CRISPR/Cas9; Cas9; LNP; TTR; gene therapy; genome editing; lipid nanoparticle; liver delivery; sgRNA.
Copyright © 2018 Intellia Therapeutics, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.