Optimized procedures for generating an enhanced, near physiological 2D culture system from porcine intestinal organoids

Stem Cell Res. 2018 Apr;28:165-171. doi: 10.1016/j.scr.2018.02.013. Epub 2018 Feb 20.


An important practical limitation of the three-dimensional geometry of stem-cell derived intestinal organoids is that it prevents easy access to the apical epithelium for testing food components, microorganisms, bioactive and toxic compounds. To this end, we here report on a new robust method for generating confluent intestinal cell monolayers from single-cell suspensions of enzymatically-dissociated porcine organoids using modified culture conditions. With this method, cell seeding densities can be standardised, overcoming problems with methods based on mechanical dissociation of organoids. Confluent monolayers formed tight junctions with high transepithelial electrical resistance in three days and could be used in experiments for up to two weeks. Multilineage differentiation of ileal stem cells was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry and RT-qPCR of cell-specific transcripts, also unequivocally confirming the controversial existence of Paneth-like cells in the porcine small intestine. The method described here is useful to standardize primary epithelial monolayer formation from intestinal organoids and allows rapid and robust studies of intestinal physiology.

Keywords: Epithelium; Intestinal; Monolayer; Organoids; Porcine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Culture Techniques / methods*
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Lineage
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Electric Impedance
  • Intestines / cytology*
  • Intestines / ultrastructure
  • Organoids / cytology*
  • Organoids / ultrastructure
  • Paneth Cells / cytology
  • Sus scrofa
  • Tight Junctions / metabolism
  • Tight Junctions / ultrastructure