Maximizing Sentinel Lymph Node Detection: Aortic Sentinel Lymph Node Detection in Endometrial Cancer

J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2019 Jan;26(1):23-24. doi: 10.1016/j.jmig.2018.02.016. Epub 2018 Mar 2.


Study objective: To determine the importance of a dual (cervical and fundal) indocyanine green (ICG) injection and thorough dissection for the detection of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs).

Design: Description and step-by-step demonstration of the surgical procedure using video (Canadian Task Force classification III).

Setting: Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastián, Spain.

Patients: A 60-year-old woman with a diagnosis of IAG1 endometrial adenocarcinoma (EC).

Interventions: The patient received a cervical and transcervical fundal ICG injection for para-aortic and pelvic SLN detection in the setting of a research protocol, followed by a total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with a frozen section of the uterus as a standard approach [1]. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained for the research protocol of this study.

Measurements and main results: Dual ICG injection [2] adds the benefit of a cervical injection (that best evaluates the pelvic region [3]) to the fundal injection, with better spread to the lumboaortic pathway [4] so as not to lose the aortic drainage and aortic SLN, whose relevance is still discussed due to its low incidence of metastasis [5]. This search does not add to the associated morbidity but is associated with increased operative time. For pelvic SLN dissection, patience and good training are key; the surgeon must always be on the lookout for uncommon pathways if no SLN is detected in the classical areas. The final histological classification was upgraded to a grade IIIC2 (ie, micrometastasis in the aortic and pelvic-right pararectal space) EC, 3 cm G1 with no lymphovascular invasion.

Conclusion: Dual ICG injection allows comprehensive mapping not only of pelvic SLNs, but also of para-aortic SLNs, in EC, maximizing the identification of all possible affected areas. Nonetheless, the relevance of its added benefit requires further evaluation.

Keywords: Endometrial cancer; Indocyanin green; Sentinel lymph node.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Video-Audio Media

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / surgery*
  • Aorta
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy
  • Indocyanine Green*
  • Lymph Nodes
  • Middle Aged
  • Pelvis
  • Sentinel Lymph Node / surgery*
  • Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy / methods*


  • Indocyanine Green