Limited proteolytic processing is an essential and ubiquitous post-translational modification (PTM) affecting secreted proteins; failure to regulate the process is often associated with disease. Glycosylation is also a ubiquitous protein PTM and site-specific O-glycosylation in close proximity to sites of proteolysis can regulate and direct the activity of proprotein convertases, a disintegrin and metalloproteinases (ADAMs), and metalloproteinases affecting the activation or inactivation of many classes of proteins, including G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Here, we summarize the emerging data that suggest O-glycosylation to be a key regulator of limited proteolysis, and highlight the potential for crosstalk between multiple PTMs.
Keywords: G-protein-coupled receptors; GalNAc-Ts; O-glycosylation; PTM; proteases; proteolytic processing.
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