BACKGROUND The goal of this study was to investigate numbers, indications, surgical techniques, and experiences of amniotic membrane transplantation at the University Eye Hospital Tübingen over the last 16 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data from all amniotic membrane transplantations from January 2001 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. Data was accessed from the electronic database and the annual reports of the Eye Bank at the University Eye Hospital Tübingen. RESULTS A total of 771 amniotic membrane transplantations were performed between 2001 and 2016 at the University Eye Hospital Tübingen. The mean number of amniotic membrane transplantations was 48 per year (range: 7-81). Overall, the mean number of amniotic membrane transplantations more than doubled, from 31 amniotic membrane transplantations per year during the first 8-year period to 66 amniotic membrane transplantations per year during the second 8-year period (p<0.0001). The most common surgical indications for amniotic membrane transplantation were corneal ulcers and persistent corneal epithelial defects. The inlay, overlay, and sandwich technique became the favored surgical methods for various disorders of the ocular surface. CONCLUSIONS Our study showed a significant increase of amniotic membrane transplantations from 2001 to 2016. This increase is likely influenced by the introduction of different surgical amniotic membrane transplantation techniques, the rising knowledge about containing growth factors, neurotrophins and cytokines, and the demographic change with aging of the population.