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. 2017;19(4):135-141.

Postural Stability in Parkinson's Disease Patients

Affiliations
  • PMID: 29507431

Postural Stability in Parkinson's Disease Patients

Jacek Wilczyński et al. Acta Bioeng Biomech. .

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to analyze postural stability in Parkinson's disease patients. A total of 32 subjects were tested, including 26 (81.25%) women and 6 (18.75%) men. These were patients with advanced, idiopathic Parkinson's disease. The disease duration was over 5 years.

Methods: The study was conducted in the Posturology Laboratory at the Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (Poland). The Biodex Balance System was used for evaluation of postural stability. Postural Stability Testing was performed with both feet positioned on a stable surface with the eyes open.

Results: The Overall Stability Index in the whole group was 0.5°. The higher Overall Stability Index in women is indicative of slightly worse postural stability compared to men, although in both groups, it was within norms (Z = 2.0545, p = 0.0399). Anterior-Posterior Overall Stability Index (A/P) was an average of 0.35°. The Medial-Lateral Overall Stability Index (M/L) was an average of 0.27°. Both women and men were observed to have higher postural sway in the sagittal plane than the frontal plane. The vast majority of the subjects maintained in Zone A during testing (99.94%), and was slightly bent backwards to the right and in Quadrant IV (61.53%).

Conclusions: Regular control of postural stability in Parkinson's disease patients is significant due to the risk of falls.

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