Psoriasis is driven by focal disruptions of the immune-homeostasis in human skin. Local relapse following cessation of therapy is common and unpredictable, which complicates clinical management of psoriasis. We have previously shown that pathogenic resident T cells accumulate in active and resolved psoriasis, but whether these cells drive psoriasiform tissue reactions is less clear. Here, we activated T cells within skin explants using the pan-T cell activating antibody OKT-3. To explore if T cells induced different tissue response patterns in healthy and psoriasis afflicted skin, transcriptomic analyses were performed with RNA-sequencing and Nanostring. Core tissue responses dominated by IFN-induced pathways were triggered regardless of the inflammatory status of the skin. In contrast, pathways induced by IL-17A, including Defensin beta 2 and keratinocyte differentiation markers, were activated in psoriasis samples. An integrated analysis of IL-17A and IFN-related responses revealed that IL-17 dominated tissue response correlated with early relapse following UVB treatment. Stratification of tissue responses to T cell activation in resolved lesions could potentially offer individualized prediction of disease relapse during long-term immunomodulatory treatment.
Copyright © 2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.