Hysteroscopy in the Netherlands and Flanders: A survey amongst practicing gynaecologists

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2018 Apr:223:85-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2018.02.012. Epub 2018 Feb 19.


Objective: To gain insight in the current ideas on, and implementation of hysteroscopy amongst practicing gynaecologists in the Netherlands and Flanders.

Study design: In August 2016 an electronic questionnaire was sent to practising gynaecologist members of the Dutch (N = 591) and Flemish (N = 586) Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

Results: The response rate for the Netherlands was 15.4% (91/591), and for Flanders 27.0% (158/586). Responding gynaecologists have a preference for hysteroscopy for diagnosing and treating most intrauterine pathology. Flemish respondents are more hesitant in opting for hysteroscopy instead of curettage for treatment of polyps and placental remnants. There appears to be a wide diffusion of diagnostic and basic operative hysteroscopy. In contrast to Flanders, responding hysteroscopists from the Netherlands more often perform office hysteroscopic procedures. Hysteroscopic procedures, and office procedures in particular, are now educated during residency. Therefore, recently graduated gynaecologists have a preference for this technique.

Conclusion: Our survey confirms that nowadays the focus of treating intrauterine pathology is on less invasive techniques and preserving the uterus. Dutch responding hysteroscopists have more expertise concerning office hysteroscopy than their Flemish colleagues. Future research on the cost-effectiveness of and optimisation of patient comfort during office hysteroscopy is needed to support its further implementation.

Keywords: Hysteroscopy; Implementation; Intrauterine pathology; Minimally invasive techniques.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Belgium
  • Clinical Competence
  • Female
  • Gynecology / methods*
  • Humans
  • Hysteroscopy / methods
  • Hysteroscopy / statistics & numerical data*
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians' / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Uterine Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Uterine Diseases / surgery*