Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein (PfMSP) 1 has been studied extensively as a vaccine candidate antigen. PfMSP-1 undergoes proteolytic processing into four major products, such as p83, p30, p38, and p42, that are associated in the form of non-covalent complex(s) with other MSPs. To delineate MSP1 regions involved in the interaction with other MSPs, here we expressed recombinant proteins (PfMSP-165) encompassing part of p38 and p42 regions and PfMSP-119 PfMSP-165 interacted strongly with PfMSP-3, PfMSP-6, PfMSP-7, and PfMSP-9, whereas PfMSP-119 did not interact with any of these proteins. Since MSP-1 complex binds human erythrocytes, we examined the ability of these proteins to bind human erythrocyte. Among the proteins of MSP-1 complex, PfMSP-6 and PfMSP-9 bound to human erythrocytes. Serological studies showed that PfMSP-165 was frequently recognized by sera from malaria endemic regions, whereas this was not the case for PfMSP-119 In contrast, antibodies against PfMSP-119 showed much higher inhibition of merozoite invasion compared with antibodies against the larger PfMSP-165 fragment. Importantly, anti-PfMSP-119 antibodies recognized both recombinant proteins, PfMSP-119 and PfMSP-165; however, anti-PfMSP-165 antibody failed to recognize the PfMSP-119 protein. Taken together, these results demonstrate that PfMSP-1 sequences upstream of the 19 kDa C-terminal region are involved in molecular interactions with other MSPs, and these sequences may probably serve as a smoke screen to evade antibody response to the membrane-bound C-terminal 19 kDa region.
Keywords: PfMSP-119; PfMSP-165; merozoite; smoke screen.
© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society.