Multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) has managed to change the paradigms on prostate cancer detection and risk classification. The most clear-cut indication of mpMRI in guidelines is the patients with a history of negative biopsy/increasing prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and presence of additional findings supporting its use in non biopsied patients and active surveillance. mpMRI complements standard clinical exam, PSA measurements, and systematic biopsy, and will miss some tumors that lack enough size or change in tissue density. Use of mpMRI is likely to increase, and further developments in the technique will be important for safe adoption of focal therapy concepts. Here we present a brief summary about mpMRI and its use in detection, risk classification and follow-up of prostate cancer.
Keywords: Focal therapy; fusion biopsy; multiparametric MRI; prostate cancer.