Women with a benign breast disease (BBD) have an increased risk of subsequent breast carcinoma. Information is scarce regarding the characteristics of breast carcinomas diagnosed after a BBD. Our aim was to point out the differences in clinical and histologic characteristics of breast carcinomas diagnosed in women with and without a previous pathologic diagnosis of BBD in the context of population-based mammography screening. Retrospective cohort study of all women aged 50-69 years who were screened at least once in a population-based screening program in Spain, between 1994 and 2011 and followed up until December 2012. The mean follow-up was 6.1 years. We analyzed 6645 breast carcinomas, of whom 238 had a previous pathologic diagnosis of BBD. Information on clinical and histologic characteristics was collected from pathology reports. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of occurrence of selected histologic characteristics of breast carcinomas in women with and without a previous BBD. Women with a previous BBD had a higher proportion of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) compared with women without a BBD (22.1% and 13.6%, respectively). Among those diagnosed with an invasive breast carcinoma, women with previous BBD were more likely to be diagnosed with carcinomas sized >2 cm (OR = 1.46; 95%CI = 1.03-2.08), metastatic positive (OR = 2.66; 95%CI = 1.21-5.86), and with a high Ki-67 proliferation rate (OR = 1.93; 95%CI = 1.24-2.99). No differences were found across histologic subtypes of BBD. Screening participants with a previous pathologic diagnosis of BBD had a higher proportion of DCIS. However, invasive carcinomas detected in women with a BBD were associated with clinical and histologic characteristics conferring a worst prognosis.
Keywords: benign breast disease; breast neoplasm; prognostic factors.
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