Mitochondrial DNA Maintenance Defects Overview

In: GeneReviews® [Internet]. Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle; 1993.


This overview focuses on the clinical features and molecular genetics of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) maintenance defects.

The goals of this overview are the following.

Goal 1: Describe the pathomechanism of mtDNA maintenance defects.

Goal 2: Review the genetic causes of mtDNA maintenance defects.

Goal 3: Describe the clinical characteristics of mtDNA maintenance defects.

Goal 4: Provide clinical and laboratory evaluation strategies to facilitate the diagnosis of a mtDNA maintenance defect and to establish a genetic cause in a proband (when possible).

Goal 5: Inform genetic counseling for mtDNA maintenance defects.

Goal 6: Summarize current management recommendations for individuals with mtDNA maintenance defects.

Publication types

  • Review