Introduction: Crizotinib, an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor, is a first-line treatment for ALK translocation-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, patients eventually progress. Immunotherapies, including the programmed death-1 inhibitor nivolumab, have resulted in durable responses and long-term overall survival in patients with NSCLC. We hypothesized that combining targeted therapy with immunotherapy could result in more patients with responses and/or more durable responses. Herein we report data from a study assessing nivolumab plus crizotinib in patients with previously untreated advanced ALK translocation-positive NSCLC.
Methods: Group E in CheckMate 370 was a single-arm cohort designed to evaluate the safety of first-line nivolumab (240 mg every 2 weeks) plus crizotinib (250 mg twice daily) in patients with ALK translocation-positive NSCLC. The primary endpoint of safety would be met if ≤20% of patients discontinued treatment due to treatment-related adverse events by week 17. Objective response rate was a secondary endpoint. A planned safety review occurred in November 2016; the data cutoff was May 26, 2017.
Results: Of the first 13 patients treated with nivolumab plus crizotinib, 5 (38%) developed severe hepatic toxicities leading to the discontinuation of the combination. Of these, two patients died and the presence of severe hepatic toxicities may have contributed to death. Enrollment was closed and combination treatment discontinued due to observed grade ≥3 hepatic toxicities. Five patients (38%) had a partial response.
Conclusions: These findings do not support further evaluation of nivolumab 240 mg every 2 weeks plus crizotinib 250 mg twice daily.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02393625.
Keywords: Crizotinib; Nivolumab; Non–small cell lung cancer; PD-1 inhibitor; anaplastic lymphoma kinase translocation.
Copyright © 2018 International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.