Background: Diabetic foot ulcer is one of the major complications of diabetes mellitus in adults.
Objectives: The aim of the study was to conduct a planimetry evaluation of the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) in the treatment of patients with vascular disorders caused by diabetic foot.
Material and methods: The study included 94 patients, 30 females (32%) and 64 males (68%), aged 33-76 years, with diabetes lasting 1.5-32 years, who underwent HBOT due to diabetic foot. All patients from that group underwent vascular procedures prior to HBOT. In qualifying patients for hyperbaric oxygen therapy, transcutaneous oximetry method was applied (30-60 exposures in hyperbaric oxygen at pressure of 2.5 ATA). Progress in wound healing was evaluated by computerized planimetry system IRIS 4.
Results: In 26 patients the wounds were completely closed and in 37 patients the topical state was significantly improved - the wound surface decreased by 34% in average. During the treatment, in 11 patients amputation of fingers and metatarsal necrotic bones was performed, while in 9 patients amputation was prevented.
Conclusions: A planimetry evaluation showed that the application of HBOT in the treatment of diabetic foot enhances foot ulcer healing, reduces tissue damage, contributes to the reduction of complications related to soft tissue and bone infections.
Keywords: computerized planimetry; diabetic foot; hyperbaric oxygen therapy.