Magnetic resonance imaging of local soft tissue inflammation using gadolinium-DTPA

Acta Radiol. 1987 Jan-Feb;28(1):79-83.

Abstract

Chemical inflammation was induced subcutaneously in 10 rats using carrageenan mucopolysaccharide. Dual spin echo (SE) imaging of inflammatory loci was performed employing a 0.35 tesla resistive magnet. In addition, gadolinium-DTPA was administrated intravenously into 5 rats to evaluate the potential benefits of paramagnetic contrast medium for the detection and characterization of inflammatory loci. T2 weighted SE images demonstrated the edematous lesions as zones of high intensity. This was attributed to the increased relaxation times of lesions when compared to the adjacent soft tissue. The inflammation was also delineated on T1 weighted SE images, but only after injection of paramagnetic Gd-DTPA. Carrageenan mucopolysaccharide-induced lesions provide a useful experimental model for in vivo evaluation of soft tissue inflammation using magnetic resonance imaging. No special benefit of paramagnetic contrast enhancement was demonstrated in this model of local edema.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carrageenan
  • Contrast Media*
  • Female
  • Gadolinium DTPA
  • Gadolinium*
  • Inflammation / diagnosis*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy*
  • Organometallic Compounds*
  • Pentetic Acid*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains

Substances

  • Contrast Media
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Pentetic Acid
  • Carrageenan
  • Gadolinium
  • Gadolinium DTPA