A case of acute necrotizing pancreatitis complicated with non ST elevation myocardial infarction

BMC Res Notes. 2018 Mar 9;11(1):167. doi: 10.1186/s13104-018-3274-0.

Abstract

Background: Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory condition with varying severity and a range of local and systemic complications. Here we report a patient with acute necrotizing pancreatitis complicated with a true non ST elevation myocardial infarction.

Case presentation: A 58 year old lady was admitted to our unit with acute onset epigastric pain and vomiting for 4 h duration. Following admission she complained of retrosternal tightening type of a chest pain. She had elevated serum amylase and cardiac troponin. Electrocardiogram (ECG) revealed lateral ischaemia. Contrast computerized tomography abdomen revealed acute severe necrotizing pancreatitis.

Conclusions: Nonspecific ECG changes can occur in patients with acute pancreatitis. But the diagnosis of true myocardial infarction in a context of acute pancreatitis using ECGs, 2D echocardiography, cardiac biomarkers and coronary angiograms can be challenging with the choice of revascularization therapy and safety of antiplatelet agents and anticoagulant therapy. Decision making regarding the management of such a patient is also critical.

Keywords: 2D echocardiogram; Acute pancreatitis; ECG; Myocardial infarction; Troponin I.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis*
  • Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing / diagnosis*