Invasive Versus Conservative Strategy in Frail Patients With NSTEMI: The MOSCA-FRAIL Clinical Trial Study Design

Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed). 2019 Feb;72(2):154-159. doi: 10.1016/j.rec.2018.02.007. Epub 2018 Mar 7.
[Article in English, Spanish]


Introduction and objectives: Although clinical guidelines recommend invasive management in non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), this strategy is underused in frail elderly patients in the real world. Furthermore, these patients are underrepresented in clinical trials and therefore the evidence is scarce. Our hypothesis is that an invasive strategy will improve prognosis in elderly frail patients with NSTEMI.

Methods: This will be a prospective, multicenter, randomized trial, in which the conservative and invasive strategies will be compared in patients meeting all of the following inclusion criteria: NSTEMI diagnosis, age ≥ 70 years, and frailty defined by a category ≥ 4 in the Clinical Frailty Scale. Participants will be randomized to an invasive (coronary angiogram and revascularization if anatomically amenable) or conservative (medical treatment and coronary angiogram only if persistent clinical instability) strategy. The primary endpoint will be the number of days alive out of hospital during the first year. The coprimary endpoint will be the time until the first cardiac event (cardiac death, reinfarction or postdischarge revascularization). We estimate a sample size of 178 patients (89 per arm), considering an increase of 20% in the proportion of days alive out of hospital with the invasive management.

Results: The results of this study will add important knowledge to inform the management of frail elderly patients hospitalized with NSTEMI.

Conclusions: We hypothesize that the invasive strategy will improve outcomes in frail elderly patients with NSTEMI. If this is confirmed, frailty status should not dissuade physicians from implementing an invasive management strategy.

Clinical trial registration: URL: NCT03208153.

Keywords: Acute myocardial infarction; Anciano; Elderly; Fragilidad; Frailty; Infarto agudo de miocardio.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial Protocol
  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Conservative Treatment*
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Frail Elderly*
  • Humans
  • Multicenter Studies as Topic
  • Myocardial Revascularization
  • Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction / therapy*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Sample Size
  • Treatment Outcome

Associated data