The utility and limitations of using trabecular bone score with FRAX

Curr Opin Rheumatol. 2018 Jul;30(4):412-419. doi: 10.1097/BOR.0000000000000504.

Abstract

Purpose of review: Trabecular bone score (TBS) is a texture index derived from the lumbar spine dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry which can assess skeletal quality and provide information about fracture risk independent of bone mineral density (BMD). TBS is useful in assessing osteoporotic fracture risk, with lower TBS values associated with increased fracture risk. In this article, we review the current state of TBS, including its utility and limitations in the assessment and management of osteoporosis, with particular emphasis on the recent literature.

Recent findings: Ten-year fracture risk assessment using the FRAX tool can be improved through the use of a TBS adjustment. The use of TBS-adjusted FRAX can change management in a modest but significant number of patients, particularly in those close to an intervention threshold. Change in lumbar spine TBS for patients undergoing antiresorptive treatment is not a useful indicator of antifracture effect.

Summary: Lumbar spine TBS provides information complementary to conventional BMD, and has been shown to be clinically useful for enhancing fracture risk prediction.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Absorptiometry, Photon
  • Bone Density
  • Cancellous Bone / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Osteoporotic Fractures / diagnostic imaging
  • Risk Assessment