Randomized Trial of Modified Stretching Exercise Program for Menstrual Low Back Pain

West J Nurs Res. 2019 Feb;41(2):238-257. doi: 10.1177/0193945918763817. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a modified stretching exercise program on young women with menstrual low back pain. Overall, 127 young women were randomly assigned to the experimental ( n = 63) and control ( n = 64) groups. The experimental group followed the modified stretching exercise program, whereas the control group performed their usual activities. At 1, 4, 8, and 12 months, the experimental group had significantly lower scores on the visual analog scale for pain (95% confidence interval [CI] = [0.73, 1.96]; p < .05) and the Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire than the control group (95% CI = [0.68, 2.03]; p < .001). At 12 months, the experimental group showed significantly higher exercise self-efficacy than the control group (95% CI = [-6.87, 0.62]; p = .003). These findings can be used to enhance self-care capabilities by using the modified stretching exercise program for young women with menstrual low back pain.

Keywords: menstrual low back pain; modified stretching exercise program; pain; young women.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dysmenorrhea / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Stretching Exercises / methods
  • Muscle Stretching Exercises / standards*
  • Pain Measurement / methods
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Treatment Outcome