Screening for Binge Eating Disorder in people with obesity

Obes Res Clin Pract. May-Jun 2018;12(3):299-306. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2018.02.002. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Abstract

The Risk factors for Binge Eating Disorder in Overweight (REO) questionnaire is a screening tool for nutritionists to discriminate between individuals with obesity with and without Binge Eating Disorder (BED). The first study tested the discriminative ability of the REO and identified an optimal cut-off value. In the second study this cut-off value was used to identify individuals with and without BED from a sample of individuals with obesity visiting a nutritionist and compared clinical and personality characteristics with a group of individuals officially diagnosed with BED. Results showed that the REO has a sensitivity of 95.1%, specificity of 81.5%, a good internal consistency of α=.96, and an exploratory factor analysis showed four underlying factors of the REO that explained a total variance of 63.7%. Characteristics of individuals with BED symptoms identified by the REO and those officially diagnosed with BED were comparable and differed from individuals with obesity without BED symptoms. By screening individuals with obesity with the REO those presenting with BED symptoms are more easily identified, and can be referred to psychological treatment facilities for further assessment and appropriate treatment.

Keywords: Binge Eating Disorder; Early identification; Nutritionist; Obesity; Primary care; Screening tool.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Binge-Eating Disorder / complications*
  • Binge-Eating Disorder / diagnosis*
  • Binge-Eating Disorder / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Obesity / complications*
  • Obesity / psychology
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Primary Health Care*
  • Psychometrics
  • Referral and Consultation
  • Risk Assessment
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult