We showed that human IgG supported the response by human innate immune cells to peptidoglycan (PGN) from Bacillus anthracis and PGN-induced complement activation. However, other serum constituents have been shown to interact with peptidoglycan, including the IgG-like soluble pattern recognition receptor serum amyloid P (SAP). Here, we compared the abilities of SAP and of IgG to support monocyte and complement responses to PGN. Utilizing in vitro methods, we demonstrate that SAP is superior to IgG in supporting monocyte production of cytokines in response to PGN. Like IgG, the response supported by SAP was enhanced by phagocytosis and signaling kinases, such as Syk, Src, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, that are involved in various cellular processes, including Fc receptor signaling. Unlike IgG, SAP had no effect on the activation of complement in response to PGN. These data demonstrate an opsonophagocytic role for SAP in response to PGN that propagates a cellular response without propagating the formation of the terminal complement complex.
Keywords: Bacillus anthracis; host response; inflammation; opsonin; peptidoglycan; serum amyloid P.
Copyright © 2018 Girton et al.