Evaluation of the contribution of values clarification to a brief mindfulness meditation intervention for anxiety

J Clin Psychol. 2018 Sep;74(9):1387-1402. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22610. Epub 2018 Mar 15.


Objective: Evaluate the incremental effects of a computerized values clarification (VC) activity on anxiety symptomology and quality of life over and above establishment of a mindfulness meditation (MM) practice.

Method: Anxious participants (N = 120, Female = 86; Mage = 22.26) were randomly assigned to a 2-week, 10-min daily MM practice + control task or a 2-week, 10-min daily MM practice + VC task. Pre-assessments and post-assessments included well-established and ideographic self-report measures.

Results: Overall decreases in past week and past 24-h anxiety symptom frequency, as well as increased quality of life during the previous 24-h cycle only. VC did not have a demonstrable impact on outcomes.

Conclusions: Though findings are preliminary, brief VC exercises may not enhance outcomes that follow from mindfulness practice. Additional research is needed to isolate specific and shared impacts of mindfulness-based and values-based treatment strategies on anxiety symptoms and quality of life.

Keywords: anxiety; mindfulness meditation; quality of life; self-affirmation; value clarification.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Meditation*
  • Mindfulness*
  • Quality of Life
  • Social Values*
  • Stress, Psychological / therapy
  • Young Adult