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. 2018 Aug;126(2):153-161.
doi: 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2018.02.007. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

High-throughput Cytotoxicity and Antigen-Binding Assay for Screening Small Bispecific Antibodies Without Purification

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High-throughput Cytotoxicity and Antigen-Binding Assay for Screening Small Bispecific Antibodies Without Purification

Aruto Sugiyama et al. J Biosci Bioeng. .

Abstract

The cytotoxicity of T cell-recruiting antibodies with their potential to damage late-stage tumor masses is critically dependent on their structural and functional properties. Recently, we reported a semi-high-throughput process for screening highly cytotoxic small bispecific antibodies (i.e., diabodies). In the present study, we improved the high-throughput performance of this screening process by removing the protein purification stage and adding a stage for determining the concentrations of the diabodies in culture supernatant. The diabodies were constructed by using an Escherichia coli expression system, and each diabody contained tandemly arranged peptide tags at the C-terminus, which allowed the concentration of diabodies in the culture supernatant to be quantified by using a tag-sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. When estimated diabody concentrations were used to determine the cytotoxicity of unpurified antibodies, results comparable to those of purified antibodies were obtained. In a surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy-based target-binding assay, contaminants in the culture supernatant prevented us from conducting a quantitative binding analysis; however, this approach did allow relative binding affinity to be determined, and the relative binding affinities of the unpurified diabodies were comparable to those of the purified antibodies. Thus, we present here an improved high-throughput process for the simultaneous screening and determination of the binding parameters of highly cytotoxic bispecific antibodies.

Keywords: Binding affinity screening; Cancer therapy; Cytotoxicity screening; High-throughput screening; Sandwich ELISA; T-cell recruiting antibody.

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