Congenital central nervous system (CNS) infections are a cause of significant morbidity and mortality. The recent Zika virus outbreak raised awareness of congenital CNS infections. Imaging can be effective in diagnosing the presence and severity of infection. In this paper we review the clinical presentations and imaging characteristics of several common and less common congenital CNS infections.
Keywords: Brain; Central nervous system; Computed tomography; Congenital; Fetus; Infant; Infection; Magnetic resonance imaging; Virus.