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, 28 (5), 697-706

Strain Selection and Optimization of Mixed Culture Conditions for Lactobacillus pentosus K1-23 With Antibacterial Activity and Aureobasidium pullulans NRRL 58012 Producing Immune-Enhancing β-Glucan

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Strain Selection and Optimization of Mixed Culture Conditions for Lactobacillus pentosus K1-23 With Antibacterial Activity and Aureobasidium pullulans NRRL 58012 Producing Immune-Enhancing β-Glucan

Ashokkumar Sekar et al. J Microbiol Biotechnol.

Abstract

Lactobacillus pentosus K1-23 was selected from among 25 lactic acid bacterial strains owing to its high inhibitory activity against several pathogenic bacteria, including Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, S. gallinarum, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Clostridium perfringens, and Listeria monocytogenes. Additionally, among 13 strains of Aureobasidium spp., A. pullulans NRRL 58012 was shown to produce the highest amount of β-glucan (15.45 ± 0.07%) and was selected. Next, the optimal conditions for a solid-phase mixed culture with these two different microorganisms (one bacterium and one yeast) were determined. The optimal inoculum sizes for L. pentosus and A. pullulans were 1% and 5%, respectively. The appropriate inoculation time for L. pentosus K1-23 was 3 days after the inoculation of A. pullulans to initiate fermentation. The addition of 0.5% corn steep powder and 0.1% FeSO₄ to the basal medium resulted in the increased production of lactic acid bacterial cells and β-glucan. The following optimal conditions for solid-phase mixed culture were also statistically determined by using the response surface method: 37.84°C, pH 5.25, moisture content of 60.82%, and culture time of 6.08 days for L. pentosus; and 24.11°C, pH 5.65, moisture content of 60.08%, and culture time of 5.71 days for A. pullulans. Using the predicted optimal conditions, the experimental production values of L. pentosus cells and β-glucan were 3.15 ± 0.10 × 10⁸ CFU/g and 13.41 ± 0.04%, respectively. This mixed culture may function as a highly efficient antibiotic substitute based on the combined action of its anti-pathogenic bacterial and immune-enhancing activities.

Keywords: Aureobasidium; Lactobacillus; anti-pathogenic activity; immune-enhancing β-glucan; mixed culture.

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