Rural distribution of human papilloma virus in low- and middle-income countries

Exp Mol Pathol. 2018 Apr;104(2):146-150. doi: 10.1016/j.yexmp.2018.03.001. Epub 2018 Mar 16.


Cervical cancer rates in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are higher than in developed countries and account for 80% of an estimated 500,000 new cases annually. Factors that contribute to this are that diagnostic and prevention strategies designed for developed countries suffer from the combination of low vaccination rates and limitations due to lack of consistent access to both healthcare and supplies. Here we: 1) improve upon our LMIC deployable HPV test and 2) determine both the high and low-risk HPV genotype prevalence in an isolated Honduran population. We found an unexpected HPV distribution with an abundance of HPV 52 and HPV 72 infections. In this context, molecular testing using a LMIC deployable approach for the detection of HPV can aid in both the triage of HPV positive cytology-based follow up and provide information regarding HPV genotype distribution in support of vaccination strategies.

Keywords: Cervical cancer; High-risk HPV; Human papillomavirus; Low and middle income countries; Low-risk HPV; Molecular diagnostics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Developing Countries
  • Female
  • Honduras
  • Humans
  • Papillomaviridae / genetics*
  • Papillomaviridae / pathogenicity
  • Papillomavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Papillomavirus Infections / virology*
  • Prevalence
  • Rural Health
  • Rural Population
  • Virology / methods*