The Potential Effect of Forbrain as an Altered Auditory Feedback Device

J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2018 Apr 17;61(4):801-810. doi: 10.1044/2017_JSLHR-S-17-0072.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to run a proof of concept on a new commercially available device, Forbrain® (Sound For Life Ltd/Soundev, Luxemburg, model UN38.3), to test whether it can modulate the speech of its users.

Method: Participants were instructed to read aloud a text of their choice during 3 experimental phases: baseline, test, and posttest, while wearing a Forbrain® headset. Critically, for half of the participants (Forbrain group), the device was turned on during the test phase, whereas for the other half (control group), the device was kept off. Voice recordings were analyzed to derive 6 quantitative measures of voice quality over each of the phases of the experiment.

Results: A significant Group × Phase interaction was obtained for the smoothed cepstral peak prominence, a measure of voice harmony, and for the trendline of the long-term average spectrum, a measure of voice robustness, this latter surviving Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons.

Conclusions: The results of this study indicate the effectiveness of Forbrain® in modifying the speech of its users. It is suggested that Forbrain® works as an altered auditory feedback device. It may hence be used as a clinical device in speech therapy clinics, yet further studies are warranted to test its usefulness in clinical groups.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Electrical Equipment and Supplies*
  • Feedback, Psychological*
  • Feedback, Sensory*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language Therapy / instrumentation
  • Male
  • Proof of Concept Study
  • Reading
  • Sound Spectrography
  • Speech Perception*
  • Speech Therapy / instrumentation
  • Speech*
  • Voice Quality
  • Young Adult