Objective: To investigate the effects of repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation (rPMS) on the vastus lateralis (VL) in the early stage after hip replacement surgery.
Methods: Twenty-two patients who underwent hip replacement after proximal femur fracture were included in this study. After hip surgery, the experimental group was applied with 15 sessions of 10 Hz rPMS over the VL 5 times per week for 3 weeks, while the control group took sham stimulation. All patients were also given conventional physical therapy. The VL strength was measured with the root mean square (RMS) value of the VL with surface electromyography technique. The ratio of RMS values between fractured and unfractured legs and tandem stand test were used to assess standing balance. Usual gait speed was measured to evaluate gait function. Pain in two groups was assessed with visual analog scale (VAS).
Results: Both RMS value of the VL and the ratio of RMS values after rPMS were significantly improved (p<0.05). Also, tandem standing time and usual gait speed in rPMS group were dramatically increased (p<0.05). However, no significant difference in VAS was found between the two groups after 3 weeks.
Conclusion: rPMS on the VL improved muscle strength, standing balance and gait function in the early stage after hip surgery. Therefore, rPMS could be applied to patients who cannot take electrical stimulation due to pain and an unhealed wound.
Keywords: Hip replacement surgery; Proximal femur fracture; Quadriceps strength; Repetitive peripheral magnetic stimulation.