Increased risk of yellow fever infections among unvaccinated European travellers due to ongoing outbreak in Brazil, July 2017 to March 2018

Euro Surveill. 2018 Mar;23(11):18-00106. doi: 10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2018.23.11.18-00106.


Since December 2016, Brazil has faced a large outbreak of yellow fever with ca 1,500 confirmed human cases. In the first 2 months of 2018, Brazil reported almost as many cases as in 2017 as a whole. In these 2 months, five imported cases were reported among unvaccinated European travellers. Three had travelled to Ilha Grande, a popular destination among European tourists. Physicians and European travellers visiting Brazil should follow yellow fever vaccination recommendations.

Keywords: Brazil; outbreaks; vector-borne infections; viral infections; yellow fever; yellow fever virus.

MeSH terms

  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Humans
  • Travel*
  • Travel-Related Illness
  • Vaccination
  • Yellow Fever / diagnosis*
  • Yellow Fever / epidemiology